Earlier this month, TC ARAD Associate Professor Jennifer C. Lena released her new book Entitled: Discriminating Tastes and the Expansion of the Arts. She answered a few questions about the work, with which we are thankful to share.
Following Up with Spring 2019 Microgrant Winner, Gaosong Heu
(Gaosong Heu taking notes during her layover in Portland, OR).
Gaosong Heu is a Hmong American performance artist, published writer, arts educator, arts administrator and scholar of Hmong performance practices. She is a second year Master’s student in the Arts Administration (ARAD) program at Teachers College (TC), Columbia University. Her current studies are primarily focused on diversity within leadership, programming and evaluation in arts organizations. Gaosong’s work and career aspirations are informed by her passion for the arts, equity, access and social justice. In the future, she hopes to go back to get her Ph.D in Anthropology, American Studies, Feminist Studies or Music Ethnography with a focus on Hmong-American performance practices.
Funding from the ARAD Microgrant helped Allason Leitz, ARAD ’19 attend South by Southwest, an annual film and music festival. Allason shares highlights from her experiences and the importance of inspiration, networking, and pushing forward!
By Student Advocates for the Arts
With funding from the ARAD Spring 2019 Microgrant, Student Advocates for the Arts (SAA) recently participated in the National Arts Action Summit 2019, a two-day training and direct advocacy experience in Washington D.C. This conference consisted of a training session and a day of meetings in Congress.
On day one, attendants received an informational handbook containing the year’s talking points and useful facts and figures to build their advocating cases to members of Congress. This first day allowed us to delve deeper into some art issues that interested each of us personally through engaging breakout sessions.
ARAD’s social media coordinator and first-year student, Mari Takeda, recently sat down with second-year student and president of Student Advocates for the Arts (SAA), Carolina Cambronero Varela, to talk about being a TC student, running SAA, and more.
Mari: What drew you to this program?
Carolina: Having the access to interdisciplinary resources in education, human rights, leadership, and peace education (to name a few) in conjunction with the dual (visual and performing) arts administration (ARAD) nature of the program. I came to ARAD with the question of how can the arts, particularly its transformative power, create social change? The opportunity of being in this program has provided insights into the importance for advocating that the arts are a human right. The arts change lives by providing freedom to thrive!
Current ARAD student Sarah Lamade recently interviewed Davinia Gregory, a visiting scholar in the Arts Administration Program and the Sociology Department. Davinia is currently working on her PhD at the University of Warwick and will be presenting “The Creative Case for Diversity? UK funding policy and The Drum arts centre,” on April 1, from 6-8pm, at Teachers College, Columbia University in GDH 543. This presentation emerges from Davinia’s PhD research, which compares the United Kingdom’s (UK) arts funding system and those in France and the USA. Debates surrounding interculturalism and post-race in the UK context will also be discussed. This talk is free and open to the public.
By Sarah Lamade
SL: So, I’ve read a little bit about your work with the Drum, but maybe we can start with a brief overview of your research?
DG: Sure. The Drum was a performing arts center, in Birmingham in the U.K. It closed in 2016 in its 20th year of running, and that was a shock for everybody. It was the last of a series of quite well-established Black-led arts centers in the U.K. to be closed down by the Arts Council because of a lack of funding, but it had been doing really well. People who weren’t on the inside didn’t expect this closure, and the question was always sort of “Well, what happened?”
I had been brought in as a PhD student to do a collaborative PhD between The Drum and Warwick University. The expectation was that it was going to run for the duration of my PhD, and six months in, it was gone. My PhD became this kind of post-mortem of the organization, looking at not only what happened within the organization, but also what happens within the U.K. funding structure, which is a very top-down funding structure. I’m looking at the Arts Council’s policies and how they affect small arts centers and regional arts centers outside of London, but also how their cultural policies can be decolonized so that centers like The Drum that served to supplement the mainstream can be valued as much as mainstream arts organizations. It then also became a critique of the idea of a “mainstream” and other streams, and figuring out how to devise a structure that aims not to fix the branches on a rotten tree but cut down the tree and start again. My work looks at why an organization like the Drum was needed in the first place, as a sort of supplementary organization, but also at the role of what decolonization of arts policy could do and could be in preventing something like its closure from happening again.
SL: Can you explain to me how you’re thinking about these terms of colonization and decolonization in the arts sector and in funding specifically?
DG: It’s huge. So, decolonization, from the beginning of my PhD, as the four years have gone on, the word has increasingly become kind of stripped of its meaning. But, in making an argument for the word and for sticking with the word, if we actually look at its meaning, it’s still very much relevant. The people who The Drum served initially came from former British colonies in the 1950s to rebuild the country after the war, by invitation from the government. The people in the U.K. weren’t told that this was happening, so there was a lot of hostility when they came, and the immigrants ended up in these silos, one of which was Handsworth, in Birmingham, and the Drum sits on the edge of East Handsworth. These people, who were Afro-Caribbean, largely Jamaican, and also South Asian, largely from Pakistan and that area, ended up forming a kind of alliance and built these organizations. The Drum in itself in the beginning was decolonial, not necessarily in decolonizing the nation, but decolonizing the minds of the people who had been brought there. They needed to have some kind of solace, sort of a community center. When The Drum opened in 1995, it had multiple decolonial slogans from the Indian subcontinent and the Caribbean across its walls. The Drum closing down and being the last of its kind said a lot about what’s happening with decolonization in the U.K. At this point, because it closed on the day of the Brexit vote – yeah, it was quite poetic – we want to ask, so what is happening now? Do we need to revisit this idea of decolonization, and are centers like the Drum not needed at this point? It doesn’t seem to me that that’s the case.
SL: What was the experience like of starting your PhD and having your case study close on you, and how did that change your research and your methodologies?
DG: Well, that was terrifying, but we all had to kind of snap out of panic and think well, actually, it’s terrible for the organization, it’s a loss for the nation, but actually for the project, it’s not necessarily a bad thing. It makes the argument stronger, and it enabled me to consider things that I couldn’t necessarily consider before. And people were more willing to talk. My PhD is in sociology, and not the arts, and so my methodology was largely ethnography, but I also had access to people who were afraid of speaking to me in interviews because of the turbulent times for the organization, and they weren’t sure of their job security. Once it closed, they were like, “Ok, I want to tell you my side of the story.” So that was helpful, cathartic, I think for everyone involved, and it was good to be there as a kind of neutral voice.
SL: Based on your research so far, how are starting to think about applying theory to practice?
DG: It just happened naturally. I don’t know how to say it apart from the theory came out of the practice, really. Because the organization closed down, I didn’t have the luxury of doing a theoretical framework first, or even writing out the methodology first. I did it off the cuff. I was still taking my courses in sociology, I had come from a design history background, so I didn’t even know the methodologies, and I just did it. And then, I created my theoretical framework from had happened, so I almost did Grounded Theory, without knowing what I was doing.
Elizabeth’s Ettorre’s work on Autoethnography as Feminist Method really helped, because I needed to get a sense of my own experiences in the processes of doing this as part of the methodology. That became something that was first methodological, but then I thought, “Why am I using all these men for theory and then the women for methodology?” when actually, my methodology was really theoretical. So, I switched them over, and I have this kind of theoretical methodology and methodological theory section. It made me realize that in applying theory to practice, I did it through constant self-reflexivity and writing it down and recording it, and changing the way that I thought about my interactions with people and my position in the organization, always reflecting on that and then encouraging my readers as I write to do the same thing with their position as they’re reading it, considering where their opinions are coming from. Then, it became what I call self-decolonizing feminist practice, and that to me was inherently theoretical. So, there’s no distinction, I think, between theory and practice in my work.
As part of it, friends of mine who are sociologists, artists, and arts administrators created a group called Friends in Theory, and we ran it for a year. We used to meet up every month in London and read theory that we were putting into practice in our everyday lives, because all of us are engaged in decolonization in our various organizations in some way. It was a way of being able to discuss what we were going through in terms of the heart work and the hard work that decolonization requires, but through the lens of these theoretical texts. That really helped, but then we worked out that actually that was a practice in itself, and that comes into the thesis as well because you can’t do this work without that. The self-decolonizing feminist practice starts with the self but it goes out in waves. Eventually it gets to the organization, but there needs to be a self, a community of people who think like you, and then colleagues you find who are kind of on the same wavelength, and then the organization.
By Allason Leitz (ARAD ‘19)
ARAD was pleased to host Carl Sylvestre as part of its Spring Distinguished Speaker Series. Mr. Sylvester spoke about Fundraising for Social Change in the Performing Arts on February 25th, 2019. He has held senior positions at many cultural institutions including The Metropolitan Opera, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York Theatre Workshop and Theatre Forward.
Mr. Sylvestre began by breaking down the differences and similarities between equity, diversity and inclusion as they relate to a performing arts organization. What I found most interesting the ways in which our (now very popularized) language around diversity initiatives can also hold so much weight that it can quickly becomes polarizing in a given community.
Throughout the semester, we will feature highlights and insights from Dr. Lena and Dr. Mangione’s time in Palestine last summer. This is the final installment of the three-part series.
by Dr. Gemma Mangione
What is evaluation, and why is it important for arts professionals? I’ve written on this issue in other contexts, including in a recent blog post for RK&A, the planning, evaluation, and research firm serving museums for which I serve as a consulting analyst. As I suggest in the post, the question has in some ways become a rhetorical one. In an era of ever-increasing accountability to external stakeholders — primarily funders — evaluation savvy is not just an optional set of marketable professional skills, but necessary to the practice of arts management. Nevertheless, few arts professionals have the training to either lead smaller-scale evaluation projects or the resources to work with external consultants that can help them develop larger or longer-term initiatives.
by Dr. Gemma Mangione
Throughout the semester, we will feature highlights and insights from Dr. Lena and Dr. Mangione’s time in Palestine last summer. This is the second installment of the three-part series. Please stay tuned to our blog and social media channels for more #ARADPalestine.
As the prior blog post on ARAD’s international curricular partnership in Palestine noted, Dr. Jennifer Lena and I began work on this project by conducting a pre-program assessment. The assessment aimed to identify core needs for administrative training among administrators at a sample of arts and culture institutions in Jerusalem, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. From this, we were able to provide recommendations that were used to develop curriculum design for the Arts Management certificate pilot.
Throughout the semester, we will feature highlights and insights from Dr. Lena and Dr. Mangione’s time in Palestine last summer. Please stay tuned to our blog and social media channels for more #ARADPalestine.
This past summer, ARAD Program Director, Dr. Jennifer Lena, and Lecturer, Dr. Gemma Mangione visited Palestine to lead an intensive arts administration program for staff from arts organizations in the West Bank. In addition to teaching, Dr. Lena and Dr. Mangione sought out cultural experiences that informed their understanding of the area and created indelible memories. Dr. Lena shared photos from her travels around the West Bank and her visits to Yad Vashem – The World Holocaust Remembrance Center, the Bethlehem Arab Women’s Union, and Banksy’s Walled Off Hotel (keep an eye out for a future posts describing these visits and what they meant to her).
The course took place over four consecutive weekends at Bethlehem University. Dr. Lena, Dr. Mangione, a colleague from the Asia Society and professors in Bethlehem University’s business administration program taught the course. Project management was provided by staff from the Sabreen Association for Artistic Development, which operates in Jerusalem and Bethlehem. Sabreen began as a rock group and transitioned into a nonprofit in 1987.
Continue reading “Arts Administration Faculty Develop Course with Palestinian Arts Organizations (Part 1)”